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Everybody has a vague idea that Vietnamis “somewhere in Southeast Asia.” But where exactly is Vietnam? The uncommon thing about Vietnam is the S-shapedshape of the nation, which is around 1,650 kilometers long from north to south. Some refer to the form of Vietnam as a “bamboo stick with two rice bowls.”
Vietnam means “land in the south.” Vietnam is 331,210 square kilometers and thus a bit smaller than Germany. If you look at the map, the land is extremely long and covers two main climatic zones: tropical climate prevails within the north and subtropical climate in the south.
The coastline is 3400 kilometers long. Generally, Vietnam is found in the South China Sea. Just in the southwest, the country borders the Gulf of Thailand.
Three countries border Vietnam. You can find Laos and Cambodia on the west and China on the north. In the north, Vietnam extends just around 600 kilometers, in the south of 350 kilometers. At the narrowest point, it is just 50 kilometers wide.
The country shares almost all of its borders with its western, Indo-Chinese neighbors Cambodia and Laos, whilst it borders China in the north. The border with Laos is characterized by the Annamite Highlands, which forms a natural border between the two nations. In the north, the Yunnan highlands is the border with China, where it until the 80s came to border incidents, and Vietnam suspects its strong neighbors until today, want to move its edge further south. The border with Cambodia ran through the Mekong Delta and was finally determined in 1985.
The whole east coast of Vietnam is surrounded by water: in the north, the Gulf of Tonkin forms the natural boundary of the country, which merges further south into the South China Sea. A small portion of the coast of Vietnam to the south west borders the Gulf of Thailand. The coast of the country, excluding the islands, is as much as 3,260 kilometers long.
In the South China Sea, about 330km south of Hainan Island in the Paracel Islands. It is an archipelago officially owned by China but also claimed by Vietnam. In 1974, a naval fight occurred around the the nun inhabited islands, from which China appeared victoriously. In the meantime, the islands are part of the prefecture “Sansha” and the Chinese have planted a government building on the Paracel Islands, against whose construction the Vietnamese government protested strongly.
The highest mountain in the country is the 3,142-meter Fan Si Pan (or Fansipan) in the extreme northwest of the country in Lao Cai province. It is the highest peak of all Indochina. It is also called “the Roof of Indochina.” The place is a well-known destination for trekking tours and eco-tourists. A camp is located at 2,800 meters altitude.
While the north of Vietnam is dominated by the mountains of the Yunnan Highlands and the Annamite Highlands, the 40,000 square kilometer Mekong Delta accounts for much of the south. The whole delta is just a few meters above sea level and is crossed by countless rivers and canals. The fertile Mekong Delta is among the world’s most crucial rice-growing regions and is also known as the rice bowl of Asia.
The capital is Hanoi. It is situated in the north of Vietnam on the Red River (Song Hong), which comes from the highlands of Yunnan and flows out at Hanoi to the Delta. Formerly, it flows into the Gulf of Tonkin. Hanoi looks back on a 1,000-year history and has its origins in the Hang Long Citadel, which was constructed by Emperor Ly Thai To in 1010.
There is no longer the original citadel. Nevertheless, the old metropolis of Hanoi is still in keeping with the design of the medieval castle, with its narrow, checkered roads. The old community is next to the colonial district of the French. Its wonderful buildings are the most popular tourist district of Hanoi.
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